A Comparative Study of the Concepts of Love, Man, Nature and Silence in Rumi’s and Whitman’s Poetry

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
2036 بازدید

This thesis examines the four motifs of love, man, nature and silence in the works of Rumi and Whitman. The motifs were chosen from among the most frequent ones in the works of the two poets which somehow determine their mindset and worldview. Each motif will be investigated in a separate entry, which is itself subcategorized for a detailed examination of the underlying themes.

     Regarding the fact that a genuine comparative work investigates the similarities as well as the differences, this research aims at both of them equally for a complete and thorough understanding of the two poets who had great influences on their cultures. Approaching the two poets not from the French school’s angle, to avoid its positivistic rules, but from the American school’s side which is more resilient and speaks simply of literature, the thesis is after applying thematology on the method of rapproachement.

     Building on the work of the comparatist Jost who, basing his theories on the German system of thematology, considers what is normally known as theme in the Anglo-Saxon world as being motif and vice versa, and investigating some other comparatists’ notions like Aldridge, Prawer and Wiesstein on thematology, the thesis argues that in spite of numerous thematic similarities between the two, there are differences which are the result of the poets cultural, geographical, political background not to mention the huge time gap between them.

Keywords: Rumi, Whitman, American School, Thematology, Rapproachement

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Representation of Women in Novels A Comparative Study of Persian and Translated Novels

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
9398 بازدید

The present study is an attempt to investigate the image represented of female and male characters in best-selling novels. Narratives are believed to play an important role in reinforcing or naturalizing stereotypical images of women and men, since the readers identify themselves with the heroines or heroes of stories. Therefore, the major characters of the best-selling novels written in the past three decades in Iran were analyzed and compared to the major characters of the best-selling translated novels. Each character was analyzed in terms of her/his personality type, sociological role, appearance, gender judgment, concerns, education, relationship and characterization. The data concerning the characters were first tabulated in terms of gender for each book. The male and female characters in translated and non-translated novels were compared with each other in different gender-specific groups.

The results of the overall analysis demonstrated that translated novels can have a reinforcing effect on the stereotypical image of women; however, the reverse is true for male characters. The image represented of male characters in translated novels seems to demystify the stereotypical image of men in Persian novels. In fact the differences between female characters of translated and non-translated novels, between female and male characters of translated novels, and even between female characters of non-translated novels and male characters of translated novels is far less than the gap between female and male characters of non-translated novels. This may be a reflection of the domination of patriarchal attitude in contemporary Persian literature.

 

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DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE WRITTEN ELECTORAL MATERIALS FROM THE 7th PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN IRAN

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1593 بازدید
ABSTRACT

            The term discourse analysis has come to be used with a wide range of meaning which cover a wide range of activities. There are many existing approaches to the study of language. One of them which this study is based upon, is critical discourse analysis (CDA). This approach grew out of work in different disciplines in the 1960s and early 1970s, including linguistics, semiotics, psychology, anthropology and sociology. CDA analyses social interactions in a way which focuses upon their linguistic elements, and which sets out to show up their generally hidden determinants in the system of social relationships, as well as hidden effects they may have upon that system. Since CDA is not a specific direction of research, it does not have a unitary theoretical framework. Therefore, in this research project, in order to overcome the potential weaknesses of any single method, a critical linguistic analysis will be adopted from some of the most influential linguists in the field to analyse the formal linguistic features of the

 

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Critical Formalist approaches to Hamlet

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1921 بازدید

 Critical Formalist approaches to Hamlet

 

Introduction :

From its premiere at the turn of the 17th century, Hamlet has been one of Shakespeare's best-known, most-imitated, and most-analyzed plays. The character of Hamlet played a critical role in Sigmund Freud's explanation of the Oedipus complexand thus influenced modern psychology.[1] Even within the narrower field of literature, the play's influence has been strong. As Foakes writes, "No other character's name in Shakespeare's plays, and few in literature, have come to embody an attitude to life [...] and been converted into a noun in this way."[2]

 

 

 

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Research About John Donne

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
2150 بازدید

 

Research About John Donne

 

John Donne  (between 24 January and 19 June 1572[1] – 31 March 1631) was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and Protestant priest. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poetry, religious poems, Latin translations,epigramselegies, songs, satires and sermons. His poetry is noted for its vibrancy of language and inventiveness of metaphor, especially compared to that of his contemporaries. Donne's style is characterised by abrupt openings and various paradoxes, ironies and dislocations. These features, along with his frequent dramatic or everyday speech rhythms, his tense syntax and his tough eloquence, were both a reaction against the smoothness of conventional Elizabethan poetry and an adaptation into English of European baroque and mannerist techniques

 

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د

 

 


The Criterion of intelligibity of Pronunciation

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1650 بازدید

 

 The Criterion of intelligibity of Pronunciation

Introduction

 

     English language plays a dominant role in modern world. Each of us has ever been encountered with the necessity to learn the language for many reasons. For many people the most important function of any language is communication with other people when travelling, studying or working in a foreign country. Therefore, the trend of learning English is increasing and the opportunities for the actual use of the language are becoming more frequent. The topic of this work is based largely on the communicative function of language – speaking and listening. We intend to deal with an aspect of English which is, in our opinion, often neglected in English lessons – pronunciation testing and its assessment.

            The idea arose from our belief that teaching pronunciation should be a part of a syllabus of any English course, moreover, should be included from the very beginning. One reason for this statement is that it is generally believed that the age factor is influencial and small children can learn pronunciation more easily than the older or adults. The next benefit of pronunciation learning is its possible effect on listening skills. In order that our communication is comfortable for both sides, we need to understand as well as our speaking should be understandable. So the practice of our pronunciation helps other people to understand us better.

     Nowadays, almost every coursebook offers pronunciation practice but any suggestions on giving such a structured feedback like those on other aspects of language are rare. We will try to present ways of testing pronounciation and try to deal with the possible ways of the consequent assessment.

            Apart from the objective methods of testing pronunciation which are not usually available in schools, there are other – more often used – subjective methods. These methods are based on the assessor’s impression, so certain criteria should be followed to reach as reliable results as possible.

            The first part of this work will present the tasks needed to be considered for efficient learning and teaching – the role of the teacher and the learner and the factors which have an effect on the whole pronunciation teaching and learning process.

            Next, we will give an overview of the testing methods in connection with the two approaches to impression-based assessment – atomistic and holistic.

            The last research part will implement the theory into practice and find out about what results can be actually brought by the pronunciation testing and what problems in assessment may be encountered

 

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DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE WRITTEN ELECTORAL MATERIALS FROM THE 7th PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN IRAN

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1582 بازدید

DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE WRITTEN ELECTORAL MATERIALS FROM THE 7th PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN IRAN

ABSTRACT

          The term discourse analysis has come to be used with a wide range of meaning which cover a wide range of activities. There are many existing approaches to the study of language. One of them which this study is based upon, is critical discourse analysis (CDA). This approach grew out of work in different disciplines in the 1960s and early 1970s, including linguistics, semiotics, psychology, anthropology and sociology. CDA analyses social interactions in a way which focuses upon their linguistic elements, and which sets out to show up their generally hidden determinants in the system of social relationships, as well as hidden effects they may have upon that system. Since CDA is not a specific direction of research, it does not have a unitary theoretical framework. Therefore, in this research project, in order to overcome the potential weaknesses of any single method, a critical linguistic analysis will be adopted from some of the most influential linguists in the field to analyse the formal linguistic features of the written electoral materials from the 7th presidential election in Iran, to explain discourse structures in terms of properties of social interaction and especially social structure, and to focus on the ways discourse structures enact, conform, legitimate, reproduce or challenge relations of power and ideology in society.

 

 

 


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Effects of Vocabulary Pre – teaching on Students Reading Comprehension

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
2455 بازدید

 

Effects   of   Vocabulary  Pre – teaching

on Students   Reading  Comprehension

Acknowledgment

Tank God who graces me by writing this summary . Tanks to my dear professor , Dr. Ghaemi , for his support and advice during my research , and also other professers who help me with their guidences and show the way to me. I would like to sincerely thank Allameh Amini teachers who take their time for my test and teaching the new vocabulary

of the test ; and my husband for his assistance in this work 

 

36 صفحه فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 منابع دارد  قیمت 5000 تومان 

 

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DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE WRITTEN ELECTORAL MATERIALS

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1677 بازدید
ABSTRACT

          The term discourse analysis has come to be used with a wide range of meaning which cover a wide range of activities. There are many existing approaches to the study of language. One of them which this study is based upon, is critical discourse analysis (CDA). This approach grew out of work in different disciplines in the 1960s and early 1970s, including linguistics, semiotics, psychology, anthropology and sociology. CDA analyses social interactions in a way which focuses upon their linguistic elements, and which sets out to show up their generally hidden determinants in the system of social relationships, as well as hidden effects they may have upon that system. Since CDA is not a specific direction of research, it does not have a unitary theoretical framework. Therefore, in this research project, in order to overcome the potential weaknesses of any single method, a critical linguistic analysis will be adopted from some of the most influential linguists in the field to analyse the formal linguistic features of the written electoral materials from the 7th presidential election in Iran, to explain discourse structures in terms of properties of social interaction and especially social structure, and to focus on the ways discourse structures enact, conform, legitimate, reproduce or challenge relations of power and ideology in society.

 

 

135 صفحه فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 منابع دارد  قیمت 27000 تومان 

 

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Collocational Errors in the Speaking English of Adult Iranian EFL Learners

دسته بندی: زبان انگلیسی
1173 بازدید

 

Collocational Errors in the Speaking English of Adult Iranian EFL Learners:

A Corpus-Based Analysis

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
I am indebted to so many people that listing and thanking them all for the different ways they helped me is simply not possible in this limited space, but I thank each one of them in my heart. First and foremost, I am honored to thank Dr. Fahimeh Ma’refat, my supervisor, for her unfailing patience, constant encouragement, and invaluable comments during the preparation of this thesis. She has been extremely indefatigable, patient and supportive in all my years as a graduate student in Allameh Tabataba’i University and has enormously contributed to my understanding of EFL domain throughout her courses and in various classes with her effective teaching and constructive criticism. I shall not forget her name for the rest of my life.
I am deeply indebted to Dr. Mehdi Nowruzi Khiabani, my advisor, who kindly provided me with invaluable insight in his field of expertise and continuous encouragement. I also wish to thank him for his informative article on the sources of collocational clashes between Persian and English, and his helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.
My most sincere gratitude also goes to Dr. Gholamreza Tajvidi, a man of noble character with a heart of gold, who kindly accepted the responsibility for reading my thesis and made undeniably helpful revisions to the final draft of the paper.  
I have learnt about English Language Teaching from many professors, all of whom are devoted to academic excellence and the promotion of the students’ knowledge. I would like to appreciate Dr. Parviz Birjandi, Dr. Zia Tajuddin, Dr. Mansour Fahim and             Dr. Mohammad Khatib all of whom, in one way or another, broadened my knowledge of teaching methodology and linguistics. 
I can not thank my parents especially my late mother, Shahrbanoo, whose love for learning was always inspiring. Had not been for them, I could not have finished my master's degree. I am also very fortunate in having siblings like Katayoon, Homayoon and Muhammad, and nephews like Farhad who have continuously comforted me during our phone calls when I was away from home and have actively encouraged me to carry out my studies. 
I owe special gratitude to Mrs. Arezoo Asgarifar, a wonderful spouse, who has provided me with abundant emotional support since the first moment I met her.
Last but not least, I greatly appreciate the help of all English language learners, among many others, who provided me with needed data. 

 

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